From 9th to 19 November 2021, the Commission has conducted a survey on the respect of human rights in mining sector in Rwanda to assess whether the human rights are respected. As stipulated in the Article 42 of the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of 2003 revised in 2015, the National Commission for Human Rights is mandated to promote human rights. To fulfil its mandate, the Law N° 19/2013 of 25/03/2013, as modified by the Law N° 61/2018 of 24/08/2018 determining missions, organization and functioning of the National Commission for Human Rights, empowers the Commission to carry out research on thematic issues and publish findings with the purpose of promoting Human Rights.
The Commission embarked on to survey on the respect of human rights in mining sector in a bid to reinforce national capacities for mining activities to comply with human rights principles. The Commission reached respondents in different Districts including District’s personnel in charge of mining, mining site managers, mining site engineers, mineworkers, neighbouring population of mining sites, Government institutions, non-state actors in mining sector among others.
The objective of the survey was to assess the respect of human rights in mining sector in Rwanda in order to prevent and redress the risk of negative impact linked to business activities in mining sector.
Specifically, the survey was intended to assess the status of human rights for mining employees and investors in Rwanda mining sector, to find out the status of human rights respect for Rwanda mining sector neighbours and environment in Rwanda and to inquire the status of access to remedy and propose the mechanism to prevent/redress the risks of negative impact linked to business activities in mining sector.
The inquiry results will provide the way forward for both preventive and protective mechanisms to relevant stakeholders in case of violation or abuse of Human Rights.