Article 4 Law n° 19/2013 of 25/03/2013 determining missions, organisation and functioning of the National Commission for Human Rights provides that the overall mission of the Commission shall be to promote and protect Human Rights.
Special missions of the Commission
Article 5 of Law n° 19/2013 of 25/03/2013 states that special mission of the Commission regarding human rights promotion shall be:
1° to educate and sensitize the population on matters relating to human rights and participate in the development of human rights education programmes;
2° to collaborate with other organs in designing strategies to prevent violations of human rights;
3° to prepare and disseminate reports on the situation of human rights in Rwanda, annually and whenever necessary;
4° to provide views, upon request or at its own initiative on laws, regulations of public organs in force in the country and bills so as to ensure their conformity to fundamental principles of human rights;
5° to urge relevant government institutions to ratify international treaties related to human rights and incorporate them in the existing domestic laws;
6° to urge relevant government institutions to submit on time the reports related to international treaties on human rights ratified by Rwanda;
7° to propose to relevant government authorities measures to be taken to address and punish in accordance with law any violation of human rights;
8° to collaborate with other foreign national human rights institutions, local associations and international organisations in human rights promotion and protection activities.
Article 6 of Law n° 19/2013 of 25/03/2013 states that regarding the protection of human rights, the special mission of the Commission shall be:
1° to receive, examine and investigate complaints relating to human rights violations;
2° to examine human rights violations in Rwanda committed by State organs, those who work in the public service abusing their powers, associations and individuals;
3° to carry out visits to custodial places with the purpose of inspecting whether the rights of detainees are respected and urge relevant authorities to address identified cases of violation of the rights of detainees;
4° to particularly monitor respect for the rights of the child, women, persons with disabilities, people living with HIV/AIDS, refugees, migrant workers and members of their families and elderly;
5° to monitor respect for human rights throughout elections process and submit report to relevant organs.