Findings on the implementation of the recommendations on the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child adopted
On 27th March, 2018, the national Commission for Human Rights in collaboration with Save the Children organized a validation meeting on the implementation of the concluding observations on Rwanda’s second to fourth periodic reports on the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC).
The report contains the assessment’s findings on the implementation of the recommendations carried out in October and November 2017 by the Commission in collaboration with civil society organizations responsible for promotion and protection of human rights.
This assessment was made in a legal framework because the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda stipulates in its article 42 that the promotion of human rights is a responsibility of the State and that this responsibility is particularly exercised by the National Commission for Human Rights.
States Parties to the Charter are required to implement not only its content but also the recommendations resulting from a triennial periodic evaluation.
In the interval between two reports, the State is bound to fulfil the obligations to which it has voluntarily subscribed. It is a way of committing State to subscribe to the commitments it has made with regard to this instrument of human rights.
This periodic evaluation system indirectly promotes the rights and welfare of the child through concrete actions in several areas.
The assessment that the National Commission for Human Rights has conducted in collaboration with civil society organizations is essentially aimed at knowing the level of progress in the implementation of these recommendations.
It also gives the opportunity to public bodies that share the information gathered to know what the achievements are and to consider speeding up the implementation of the recommendations. Moreover, the report gives an overview of what has been done and what remains to be done.
Considering the information collected, it appears that most of the recommendations issued by the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC) have been implemented.
Recommendations that are fully implemented are those related to the implementation of policies, laws and programs that enhance the rights and well-being of the child. These are also the ones that require statistics that support progress in this area.
The only recommendation partially implemented relates to birth registration. Much has been done to make it easy, but the reality is that online registration is not done in most hospitals.
Ongoing recommendations concern urban-rural disparity on access to clean water, lack of law eliminating explicitly corporal punishment in all settings and measures to support vulnerable students by providing sanitary materials in schools,...
Among 28 recommendations of the ACERWC, 20 were fully implemented (representing 71.42%), 1 partially implemented (3.57%) and 1 missing information (3.57%).
As part of the follow-up, the National Commission for Human Rights and the civil society organisations that worked together will continue to monitor the implementation of each recommendation to ensure the full realization of the rights and welfare of the child.
The report was adopted by the audience.